Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
The article presents the theoretical views of the founders of theoretical economics A. Smith, A. Marshall and D. Ricardo on basic economic concepts. These eminent scientists also laid the foundation for political economics and had a tremendous impact on the main directions of the further development of economic science. The economic ideas of the classical school have not lost their significance to this day. The doctrines of surplus value, profit, taxes, land rent are still relevant today. The study and analysis of this historical heritage is necessary not only for obtaining fundamental knowledge in the field of economic science, but also for its further development.

cost, wage, salary, Adam Smith, Alfred Marshall, David Ricardo, product

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